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The long and storied history of cryotherapy dates as far back as 2500 BC. The ancient Egyptians were the first civilization to create a written record of the health benefits achieved through primitive cold therapy techniques. When a person was ill in ancient Egypt, they would go to great lengths to expose themselves to freezing temperatures, recognizing, although not fully understanding the strong anti-inflammatory effects

Two thousand years later, the second written record of cold therapy was created by Hippocrates; the legendary man commonly referred to the father of modern medicine. Hippocrates documents on paper how cold exposure is capable of reducing swelling, pain, and even bleeding.

Cryotherapy In More Recent Times

Outside of cryotherapy being used by the ancient Egyptians and Greeks, it really started to take off as a medical practice around the Napoleonic era. The doctors during this tumultuous and violent time often used primitive means of cryotherapy and ice to aid in amputation and pain relief.

By the mid 19th century, the British, who were already well aware of the benefits of cryotherapy, began producing primitive and often malfunctioning machines and contraptions capable of producing cold enough temperatures to apply locally to areas of the body that needed to be treated.

1950 and The Introduction of Liquid Nitrogen

The year 1950 was a massive moment for the advancement of cryotherapy techniques as this is the first year that cold therapy devices began using liquid nitrogen. This marks the beginning of the modern cryotherapy era, with cryotherapists finally capable of achieving temperatures cold enough to induce strong immune system responses throughout the body.

With the introduction of liquid nitrogen to cryotherapy treatments, the therapy starts to grow in popularity over the subsequent decades. Poland and most of Scandinavia began using cryotherapy as a widely accepted medical therapy by the 1980s, and from there it went on to spread worldwide.

Cryotherapy Today

With so much research available that proves the indisputable effectiveness of cryotherapy, it has become widely used today. Cryogenic chambers are now available in nearly every single professional sports training facility. Cryogenic facilities are also popping up all across North America and Europe, giving the general public access to this powerful healing therapy.